What do Muslims believe?
The basic belief of Islam is that there is only one God, whose name in the Arabic language is Allah, and who is the sole and sovereign ruler of the universe.
Muslims have 6 main beliefs
- Belief in Allah as the one and only God.
- Belief in angels.
- Belief in the holy books.
- Belief in the Prophets (special messengers).
e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the final prophet.
- Belief in the Day of Judgement…
The day when the life of every human being will be assessed to decide whether they go to heaven or hell.
- Belief in Predestination…
That Allah has already decided what will happen.
Muslims believe that this doesn’t stop human beings making free choices
What are the five Pillars of Islam?
These are five duties that every Muslim is obliged to perform. The five pillars of Islam help Muslims put their faith into action.
- Shahadah: declaration of faith
“I bear witness that there is no god, but God; I bear witness that Muhammad is the prophet of God.” By reciting this, one enters Islamic faith.
- Shalah: prayer
Muslims are required to pray five times a day, washing themselves before prayer and facing in the direction of Mecca while praying.
- Zakat: giving a fixed proportion to charity
Muslims are required to give away a percentage of their earnings to those less fortunate, regardless of their religion.
- Shaum: fasting during the month of Ramadan
Muslims fast for one lunar month each year, a period called Ramadan. During this time, Muslims reflect on their behaviour and strive to purify their thoughts.
- Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
If it is financially possible, Muslims are required to travel to Mecca once in their lifetime.
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