What are the five Pillars of Islam?

These are five duties that every Muslim is obliged to perform. The five pillars of Islam help Muslims put their faith into action.

  • Shahadah: declaration of faith
    “I bear witness that there is no god, but God; I bear witness that Muhammad is the prophet of God.” By reciting this, one enters Islamic faith.
  • Shalah: prayer
    Muslims are required to pray five times a day, washing themselves before prayer and facing in the direction of Mecca while praying.
  • Zakat: giving a fixed proportion to charity
    Muslims are required to give away a percentage of their earnings to those less fortunate, regardless of their religion.
  • Shaum: fasting during the month of Ramadan
    Muslims fast for one lunar month each year, a period called Ramadan. During this time, Muslims reflect on their behaviour and strive to purify their thoughts.
  • Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
    If it is financially possible, Muslims are required to travel to Mecca once in their lifetime.

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